PRP – Platelet Rich Plasma
What is Platelet Rich Plasma?
Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP) is made from a small sample of your own blood (approximately 1.5 oz.). The process concentrates the platelets found in the blood sample. These concentrated platelets contain huge reservoirs of growth factors. Growth factors are natural components of your body. Clinical data haws shown that growth factors any enhance and accelerate your body’s normal healing process.
Potential benefits of PRP include: reduced bleeding, diminished pain levels, reduced infection rates, enhanced wound closure, accelerated tissue regeneration, and reduction of overall healing times. The use of PRP is a safe, clinically accepted procedure now readily accessible to all segments of the medical profession.
What are Growth Factors?
Growth factors are necessary to initiate tissue repair and regeneration at the wound site. Growth factors derived from platelets are responsible for soft tissue repair, bone regeneration, development of new blood vessels, and stimulation of the wound healing process. The highly concentrated level of growth factors found in Harvest PRP may optimize conditions for healing.
Am I a Candidate for PRP?
The use of PRP is considered by many to be a “new frontier” of regenerative therapy. Since clinical studies have shown that PRP can be used in many types of procedures for a wide range of patients, you should discuss your specific treatment with your doctor.
How Could PRP Be Used for My Treatment?
The use of PRP varies from procedure to procedure. PRP is generally applied to bone and soft tissue repair sites to accelerate tissue regeneration. Clinical studies have shown that application of PRP can help reduce bleeding, minimize pain, reduce infection rates, and optimize overall healing.
Is PRP Safe?
Yes. PRP has been used clinically for over a decade. Leading clinicians in specialties such as Dental, Orthopedics, and Reconstructibe Surgery routinely use PRP to deliver a cocktail of natural, bioactive growth factors. PRP is derived from a small quantity of your own blood drawn at the time of treatment. Because PRP is made from your own blood, it is insulated against the risk of disease transmission and inflammatory immune responses. PRP is made point-of-care at the time of treatment and under physician’s control.
How is PRP Made?
Preparation of PRP is a simple procedure that can be performed in an office or outpatient setting. The clinician draws a small volume of your blood at the time of treatment. The blood is placed in a specialized centrifuge that spins and automatically separates the red blood cells from the plasma. The plasma is then further centrifuged to concentrate the autologous platelets and hence your natural growth factors. The PRP is then available for your clinician to use as needed. The entire process takes less than 15 minutes and adds no extra time to the procedure.
Stem Cell / Bone Marrow Aspirate (BMA)
What is bone marrow aspirate (BMA)?
A clinician draws (or aspirates) bone marrow from a patient’s pelvis, specifically the iliac crest. This BMA is rich in certain cell types—for example, stem cells and endothelial progenitor cells—as well as platelets and growth factors. These cells and cell fragments all play an important role in the healing process.
What is concentrated BMA?
Bone marrow is commonly taken from the pelvis, but it may be taken from other sites as well. A sample of bone marrow is removed and then spun in a centrifuge to isolate and concentrate the stem cells, which creates concentrated bone marrow. The physician then delivers the concentrated bone marrow directly into the application site on your body.
What is concentrated BMA used to treat?
Concentrated BMA is generally used in patients who have an area of moderate to significant tissue degeneration. The cells found in concentrated BMA have been shown to support repair or growth of bone, cartilage, muscle, marrow, tendons, ligaments and connective tissue.4,5,6,7 It’s important to know that results may vary. Ask your physician whether you may be a good candidate for this treatment.
What is a BMA procedure like?
Your physician can obtain BMA in his or her office using local anesthesia. Other methods of obtaining these cells require surgery and are more invasive. The procedure includes several key steps, including the following:
- The procedure will begin with cleaning, draping and anesthetizing your hip.
- Once the area is numb, a needle is inserted into your pelvis to withdraw your marrow. Most commonly, just 30 mL to 60 mL is needed.
- The bone marrow is placed in a centrifuge to concentrate the collection.
- The concentrated BMA is delivered to the application site.
Unless you are undergoing surgery, this is generally an outpatient procedure.
How long does a BMA procedure take?
The procedure generally takes about one hour from start to finish. The bone marrow collection takes just a few minutes.
Is the procedure safe?
The use of concentrated BMA is a safe and clinically accepted procedure. Potential risks include bruising, pain at the aspiration site, excessive bleeding, infection and temporary numbness or weakness.